Methamphetamine Crytal (Crystal Meth)
Methamphetamine Crytal (Crystal Meth) is a white crystalline drug that people take by snorting it (inhaling through the nose), smoking it or injecting it with a needle.
Methamphetamine Crytal (Crystal Meth) is used by individuals of all ages, but is most commonly used as a “club drug,” taken while partying in night clubs or at rave parties. Its most common street names are ice or glass.
Methamphetamine Crytal (Crystal Meth) is a form of the drug that looks like glass fragments or shiny, bluish-white rocks. It is chemically similar to amphetamine [a drug used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, a sleep disorder.
How to use methamphetamine?
People can take methamphetamine by:
injecting the powder that has been dissolved in water/alcohol
Because the “high” from the drug both starts and fades quickly, people often take repeated doses in a “binge and crash” pattern. In some cases, people take methamphetamine in a form of binging known as a “run,” giving up food and sleep while continuing to take the drug every few hours for up to several days.
Side effects Crystal Meth
Like other stimulant drugs, methamphetamine acts by raising levels of several neurotransmitters in the brain including dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin. By increasing the activity of these neurotransmitters in the brain, methamphetamine can deliver a powerful, temporary boost to energy and mood.Short-term effects of methamphetamine use can include the following:
Increased energy and mania.
Increased blood pressure and heart rate.
Increased body temperature, sometimes to dangerous levels.
Loss of appetite.
Tremors and jaw clenching.
Obsessive focus with performing repetitive actions.
Some types of brain damage observed in both an experimental animal population as well as long-term methamphetamine abusers resembles that seen in patients with Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases.
In long-term users, paranoia and anxiety caused by methamphetamine becomes more intense and can persist even when not taking the drug.
In addition to symptoms caused by the drug itself, methamphetamine users are also at increased risk of blood-borne diseases like hepatitis B and C and HIV. This is because abusers who inject methamphetamine often share needles. Even those who do not inject meth may still be at increased risk, because of engaging in unsafe sex while high. The National Institute on Drug Abuse also reports that methamphetamine may speed up the progression of HIV/AIDS and worsen symptoms of the disease.
In some cases, dangerous, life-threatening side effects may occur from methamphetamine use including seizures and sudden death.
How it works?
The pleasurable effects of methamphetamine happen when the body releases very high levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine. This is the brain chemical involved in motivation, pleasure, and motor function.
As with many stimulants, methamphetamine is most often abused in a “binge and crash” pattern. Users try to maintain the high by taking more of the drug before the first dose wears off.
The drug acts on parts of the brain involved in reward, and this makes taking another dose tempting.
Some people binge for several days, avoiding food and sleep while continually using the drug until it is finished.
However, these high levels of dopamine are also thought to help make the drug more toxic to nerve terminals in the brain.
Methamphetamine is different from and more dangerous than other stimulants because a larger percentage of the drug remains unchanged in the body. This allows the drug to be present in the brain longer, extending the stimulant effects.
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